How to test if gzip is working on your site or app

20 August 2015   0 comments   Linux, Web development

Suppose that you've enabled gzip delivery of your site and its static assets. How do you test it?

One obvious way is to load the site with the developer tools in your browser and look at the headers there. Like this for example:
Is it gzip'ed? Yes!

Another more hard code and geek-power way is to simply use curl.

It goes without saying, the ideal way to set up Nginx is to make it optional. Don't upload a gzipped file to your server and force gzip down on every client. Instead, let something like Nginx handle it on-the-fly (don't worry, it's ultrafast).

So to see if gzip is working, take your URL and run these two commands:

$ curl -v --compressed http://www.example.com/page.cat > /dev/null

And look for this line:

< Content-Encoding: gzip

Also you should look for this line:

Content-Length: 2403

(number will obviously vary)

Now run the same curl command but without the --compressed. E.g.

$ curl -v http://www.example.com/page.cat > /dev/null

Now there won't be a Content-Encoding header in the response. It defaults to plain text.
Also, now look for the Content-Length and amuse yourself in the profit that this number is likely to be much larger than before.

Here's a realistic example:

With --compressed

$ curl -v --compressed https://crash-stats.allizom.org/home/products/Firefox > /dev/null
* Hostname was NOT found in DNS cache
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
  0     0    0     0    0     0      0      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--     0*   Trying 52.26.241.244...
* Connected to crash-stats.allizom.org (52.26.241.244) port 443 (#0)
* TLS 1.2 connection using TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
* Server certificate: crash-stats.allizom.org
* Server certificate: DigiCert SHA2 Secure Server CA
* Server certificate: DigiCert Global Root CA
> GET /home/products/Firefox HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.37.1
> Host: crash-stats.allizom.org
> Accept: */*
> Accept-Encoding: deflate, gzip
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Encoding: gzip
< Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
< Date: Thu, 20 Aug 2015 18:38:00 GMT
* Server nginx/1.6.3 is not blacklisted
< Server: nginx/1.6.3
< Set-Cookie: anoncsrf=yieBMvzCn4fO4lmMQbjuq0Cibl9s7oxG; expires=Thu, 20-Aug-2015 20:38:00 GMT; httponly; Max-Age=7200; Path=/; secure
< Vary: Accept-Encoding
< Vary: Cookie
< X-Frame-Options: DENY
< Content-Length: 2403
< Connection: keep-alive
<
{ [data not shown]
100  2403  100  2403    0     0   4734      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  4730
* Connection #0 to host crash-stats.allizom.org left intact

Without

$ curl -v  https://crash-stats.allizom.org/home/products/Firefox > /dev/null
* Hostname was NOT found in DNS cache
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
  0     0    0     0    0     0      0      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--     0*   Trying 54.213.30.86...
* Connected to crash-stats.allizom.org (54.213.30.86) port 443 (#0)
* TLS 1.2 connection using TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
* Server certificate: crash-stats.allizom.org
* Server certificate: DigiCert SHA2 Secure Server CA
* Server certificate: DigiCert Global Root CA
> GET /home/products/Firefox HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.37.1
> Host: crash-stats.allizom.org
> Accept: */*
>
  0     0    0     0    0     0      0      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--     0< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
< Date: Thu, 20 Aug 2015 18:38:05 GMT
* Server nginx/1.6.3 is not blacklisted
< Server: nginx/1.6.3
< Set-Cookie: anoncsrf=evG8kmoXjHv5aeyFIQHxNcnGahdxwIOy; expires=Thu, 20-Aug-2015 20:38:05 GMT; httponly; Max-Age=7200; Path=/; secure
< Vary: Accept-Encoding
< Vary: Cookie
< X-Frame-Options: DENY
< Content-Length: 12299
< Connection: keep-alive
<
{ [data not shown]
100 12299  100 12299    0     0  24314      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 24306
* Connection #0 to host crash-stats.allizom.org left intact

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