Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit round-up

July 22, 2024
0 comments Go, Node, Python, Bun, Ruby, Rust, JavaScript

In the last couple of days, I've created variations of a simple algorithm to demonstrate how Celcius and Fahrenheit seem to relate to each other if you "mirror the number".
It wasn't supposed to be about the programming language. Still, I used Python in the first one and I noticed that since the code is simple, it could be fun to write variants of it in other languages.

  1. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Python
  2. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with TypeScript
  3. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Go
  4. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Ruby
  5. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Crystal
  6. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Rust

It was a fun exercise.

And speaking of fun, I couldn't help but to throw in a benchmark using hyperfine that measures, essentially, how fast these CLIs can start up. The results look like this:


Summary
  ./conversion-rs ran
    1.31 ± 1.30 times faster than ./conversion-go
    1.88 ± 1.33 times faster than ./conversion-cr
    7.15 ± 4.64 times faster than bun run conversion.ts
   14.27 ± 9.48 times faster than python3.12 conversion.py
   18.10 ± 12.35 times faster than node conversion.js
   67.75 ± 43.80 times faster than ruby conversion.rb

Speed comparison

It doesn't prove much, that you didn't expect. But it's fun to see how fast Python 3.12 has become at starting up.

Head on over to https://github.com/peterbe/temperature-conversion to play along. Perhaps you can see some easy optimizations (speed and style).

Node watch mode and TypeScript

July 21, 2024
0 comments Node, JavaScript

You might have heard that Node now has watch mode. It watches the files you're saving and re-runs the node command automatically. Example:


// example.js

function c2f(c) {
  return (c * 9) / 5 + 32;
}
console.log(c2f(0));

Now, run it like this:

❯ node --watch example.js
32
Completed running 'example.js'

Edit that example.js and the terminal will look like this:

Restarting 'example.js'
32
Completed running 'example.js'

(even if the file didn't change. I.e. you just hit Cmd-S to save)

Now, node doesn't understand TypeScript natively, yet. So what are you to do: Use @swc-node/register! (see npmjs here)
You'll need to have a package.json already or else use globally installed versions.

Example, using npm:


npm init -y 
npm install -D typescript @swc-node/register
npx tsc --init

Now, using:


// example.ts

function c2f(c: number) {
  return (c * 9) / 5 + 32;
}
console.log(c2f(123));

You can run it like this:


❯ node --watch --require @swc-node/register example.ts
253.4
Completed running 'example.ts'

Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Rust

July 20, 2024
0 comments Rust

Previously in this series:

  1. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Python
  2. TypeScript
  3. Go
  4. Ruby
  5. Crystal

This time, in Rust:


fn c2f(c: i8) -> f32 {
    let c = c as f32;
    c * 9.0 / 5.0 + 32.0
}

fn is_mirror(a: i8, b: i8) -> bool {
    let a = massage(a);
    let b = reverse_string(massage(b));
    a == b
}

fn massage(n: i8) -> String {
    if n < 10 {
        return format!("0{}", n);
    } else if n >= 100 {
        return massage(n - 100);
    } else {
        return format!("{}", n);
    }
}

fn reverse_string(s: String) -> String {
    s.chars().rev().collect()
}

fn print_conversion(c: i8, f: i8) {
    println!("{}°C ~= {}°F", c, f);
}

fn main() {
    let mut c = 4;
    while c < 100 {
        let f = c2f(c);
        if is_mirror(c, f.ceil() as i8) {
            print_conversion(c, f.ceil() as i8)
        } else if is_mirror(c, f.floor() as i8) {
            print_conversion(c, f.floor() as i8)
        } else {
            break;
        }
        c += 12;
    }
}

Run it like this:


rustc -o conversion-rs conversion.rs && ./conversion-rs

and the output becomes:

4°C ~= 40°F
16°C ~= 61°F
28°C ~= 82°F
40°C ~= 104°F
52°C ~= 125°F

Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Crystal

July 19, 2024
0 comments Ruby

Previously in this series:

  1. Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Python
  2. TypeScript
  3. Go
  4. Ruby

Crystal?

Crystal is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. With syntax inspired by Ruby, it's a compiled language with static type-checking.


def c2f(c)
    c * 9.0 / 5 + 32;
end

def is_mirror(a, b)
    massage(a).reverse == massage(b)
end

def massage(n)
    if n < 10
        "0#{n}"
    elsif n >= 100
        massage(n - 100)
    else
        n.to_s
    end
end

def print_conv(c, f)
    puts "#{c}°C ~= #{f}°F"
end

(4...100).step(12).each do |c|
    f = c2f(c)
    if is_mirror(c, f.ceil.to_i)
        print_conv(c, f.ceil.to_i)
    elsif is_mirror(c, f.floor.to_i)
        print_conv(c, f.floor.to_i)
    else
        break
    end
end

And this is its diff with the Ruby version:


<     if is_mirror(c, f.ceil)
<         print_conv(c, f.ceil)
<     elsif is_mirror(c, f.floor)
<         print_conv(c, f.floor)
---
>     if is_mirror(c, f.ceil.to_i)
>         print_conv(c, f.ceil.to_i)
>     elsif is_mirror(c, f.floor.to_i)
>         print_conv(c, f.floor.to_i)

Run it like this:


crystal conversion.cr

or build and run:


crystal build -o conversion-cr conversion.cr
./conversion-cr

and the output becomes:

4°C ~= 40°F
16°C ~= 61°F
28°C ~= 82°F
40°C ~= 104°F
52°C ~= 125°F

Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Ruby

July 18, 2024
0 comments Ruby

This is a continuation of Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Python, and TypeScript, and Go but in Ruby:


def c2f(c)
    c * 9.0 / 5 + 32;
end

def is_mirror(a, b)
    def massage(n)
        if n < 10
            "0#{n}"
        elsif n >= 100
            massage(n - 100)
        else
            n.to_s
        end
    end
    massage(a).reverse == massage(b)
end

def print_conv(c, f)
    puts "#{c}°C ~= #{f}°F"
end

(4...100).step(12).each do |c|
    f = c2f(c)
    if is_mirror(c, f.ceil)
        print_conv(c, f.ceil)
    elsif is_mirror(c, f.floor)
        print_conv(c, f.floor)
    else
        break
    end
end

Run it like this:


ruby conversion.rb

and the output becomes:

4°C ~= 40°F
16°C ~= 61°F
28°C ~= 82°F
40°C ~= 104°F
52°C ~= 125°F

Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Go

July 17, 2024
0 comments Go

This is a continuation of Converting Celsius to Fahrenheit with Python, and TypeScript, but in Go:


package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "math"
)

func c2f(c int) float64 {
    return float64(c)*9/5 + 32
}

func isMirror(a int, b int) bool {
    return reverseString(massage(a)) == massage(b)
}

func massage(n int) string {
    switch {
    case n < 10:
        return fmt.Sprintf("0%d", n)
    case n >= 100:
        return massage(n - 100)
    default:
        return fmt.Sprintf("%d", n)
    }
}

func reverseString(s string) string {
    runes := []rune(s)
    for i, j := 0, len(runes)-1; i < j; i, j = i+1, j-1 {
        runes[i], runes[j] = runes[j], runes[i]
    }
    return string(runes)
}

func printConversion(c int, f int) {
    fmt.Println(fmt.Sprintf("%d°C ~= %d°F", c, f))
}

func main() {
    for c := 4; c < 100; c += 12 {
        var f = c2f(c)
        if isMirror(c, int(math.Ceil(f))) {
            printConversion(c, int(math.Ceil(f)))
        } else if isMirror(c, int(math.Floor(f))) {
            printConversion(c, int(math.Floor(f)))
        } else {
            break
        }
    }
}

Run it like this:


go run conversion.go

or build and run:


go build -o conversion-go conversion.go
./conversion-go

and the output becomes:

4°C ~= 40°F
16°C ~= 61°F
28°C ~= 82°F
40°C ~= 104°F
52°C ~= 125°F
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