Postgres collation errors on CITEXT fields when upgrading to 9.1

21 May 2012   1 comment   Web development

Mind that age!

This blog post is 10 years old! Most likely, its content is outdated. Especially if it's technical.

Just in case this hits you too when you use CITEXT fields that were originally defined in a Postgres before version 9.1.

ProgrammingError: could not determine which collation to use for string comparison
HINT:  Use the COLLATE clause to set the collation explicitly.

This can happen if you use something like:

WHERE name='peter'

when field name is a case insensitive text field.

After some googling around and shooting in the dark I found the the only way to crack this is to run this command:

CREATE EXTENSION citext FROM unpackaged;

Hope that helps some poor schmuck with the same problem.

UPDATE

If you have problems applying this to new tables in Postgres 9.1 you might need to run this instead:

CREATE EXTENSION citext WITH SCHEMA public ;

Comments

Dallas G.

A very sincere THANKS from a very "poor schmuck".

P.S. Maybe its implied (I'm still a very green DBA), but the only thing I would add is a note stating that you'll need to create the extension on every database which contains citext values.

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